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Michigan Individual Sentenced for Conspiracy To Violate the Clean Air Act

On January 8, 2024, the U.S. District Court for the Western District of Michigan sentenced Dustin Rhine to 12 months of probation, a $2,000 fine, and a $100 special assessment. Rhine had previously pleaded guilty to conspiracy to violate the Clean Air Act. In April 2023, Rhine was charged along with 10 other individuals and 3 companies for their involvement in a scheme to disable the emissions controls on hundreds of semi-trucks. Tampering with or removing emissions controls can drastically increase the emissions of nitrogen oxides, particulate matter, carbon monoxide, and non-methane hydrocarbons found in vehicle exhaust.
DOT-OIG conducted this investigation with the Environmental Protection Agency, Criminal Investigation Division; Homeland Security Investigations; and the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, Environmental Investigation Section.