As part of a program of national infrastructure investments, the Department of Transportation (DOT) awards discretionary grants on a competitive basis for transportation projects with a significant national, regional, or local impact. DOT awards these grants through the Better Utilizing Investments to Leverage Development (BUILD) program, which succeeded DOT’s Transportation Investment Generating Economic Recovery (TIGER) discretionary grant program. In total, both programs have received over $9 billion since TIGER began in fiscal year 2009. The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) administers most of the BUILD and TIGER grants and is responsible for drafting grant agreements and overseeing the projects, including monitoring project performance to ensure compliance with all aspects of the grant agreement. Given the importance of oversight to ensure effective stewardship of taxpayer dollars, we are initiating an audit to assess FHWA’s post-award BUILD and TIGER grant oversight.